Essay in diwali in english | English essay on Diwali | Diwali essay in English


English essay on Diwali for students:

Diwali is a festival, and every student in India is always enthusiastic about it. Students around the year gossip about Diwali with their friends and make exciting plans. Diwali is one of the biggest festivals in the world. Every Student in India should know more about this festival and write an English essay on Diwali.

English essay on Diwali:


Dipawali or Diwali is the festival of lights is a festival. People in India and around the world celebrate this festival. It is an Indian festival that memorializes the conquest of righteous over evil. Indians around the world celebrate this holy celebration with great spirit. The festival marks happiness, balance, and triumph. In addition, The festivity also celebrates the return of Lord Ram from exile, which is in the epic Ramayana. People from different religions in the world love to celebrate Diwali. Besides, some beliefs that observe Diwali the most are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, and some Buddhists.

Elaborate English essay on Diwali:

Diwali is a festival of five days during the Hindu lunisolar month Kartika. The month of Kartika falls every year between mid-October and mid-November. It is the most popular and most prominent festival of Hinduism, the oldest religion in the world. Diwali represents the spiritual “triumph of light over darkness, good over wickedness, and wisdom over ignorance.”

Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, strength, fortune, beauty, and prosperity and one of the paramount goddesses in Hinduism. Therefore, Diwali is widely associated with the goddess Lakshmi. Hindus welcome the goddess into their home and office with different lights. During Diwali, people adore gods and goddesses, such as Sita and Rama, Hanuman, Kubera, Vishnu, Yama, Yami, Durga, Kali, Dhanvantari, Vishvakarman, Ganesha, and Krishna.

On Diwali, Lord Rama returned to his kingdom Ayodhya with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana after spending 14 years of exile in jungles and conquering king Ravana of Lanka. Before some days to Diwali, people clean, renovate and decorate their homes and workplaces to celebrate this festival. During this festival, residents illuminate their homes with oil lamps, diyas, and rangoli. People perform the worship ceremony of the goddess Lakshmi according to the time provided in the Hindu calendar, Panchanga.

From child to old around India wear their finest clothes in the evening on this day. Diwali is also the festival of sweets; hence In India, men and women start making mithai (sweets) at home some days before Diwali. People also share gifts and sweets with their loved ones these days. The festival is usually observed twenty days after the Dussehra or Vijayadashami.


The first and starting day of the festival is Dhanteras, and on this day, people buy utensils, clean their homes and make rangolis on the floor. Another name is Dhanatrayodashi because Trayodashi means the thirteenth lunar day of the dark fortnight in the month of Kartika. On Dhanteras, people worship Lord Dhanvantari, the god of Ayurveda or medicine. He is an avatar (form) of Lord Vishnu, and he was the king of Varanasi. He proffered the wisdom of Ayurveda (medicine) for the betterment of humanity and to help rid it of the suffering of disease. The Indian ministry of Ayurveda announced to celebrate Dhanteras as the “National Ayurveda Day” in 2016.

This day is the celebration of health, wealth, and prosperity. People in the Gujarat state of India will enjoy a meal of daal Baath and Malpua on this day. Dhanteras comes after the day of Vasubaras. On the day of Vasubaras, the people around India adore the cow and her calf. People in Rajasthan state lit Diyas (oil lamps) made from flour in front of their homes, filling them with vegetable oil. After finishing the oil, the Diya stops burning, and stray dogs eat the flour used to make it. On Dhanteras, people also buy gold or silver articles because it is a highly auspicious day for making new purchases.

Naraka Chaturdashi:

The second day of this five-day-long festival is Naraka Chaturdashi. Its other names are Kali Chaudas, Narak Chaudas, Roop Chaudas, Choti Diwali. People say it is Choti Diwali or Small Diwali because it comes just one day before Diwali. On Choti Diwali, Hindus get up earlier and observe aarti, oil baths, and pooja. Kali Chaudas, where Kali means dark, and Chaudas represents the fourteenth day. In some parts of India, Kali Chaudas is the day to worship Mahakali. On this day, Godess Mahakali killed the demon Narakasura. Kali Chaudas is the day to defeat darkness and laziness and fill light in our life.

The men will rub their bodies in aromatic oils before bathing. Then, Hindus perform the pooja with the help of oil, flowers, and sandalwood. Many devotees of lord hanuman also offer coconuts, sugar, jaggery, Poha, ghee, and prasad of sesame seed to Lord Hanuman. On this day, People make delicacies with the help of Poha. Poha or rice flakes from rice that comes from the fresh harvest. People also apply kajal in their eyes and wash their heads to keep away the evil eye. People who want to be Tantrik learn tantra and mantra this day. Some families in Gujarat and Rajasthan also present foodstuffs to their forefathers on this day.


The third day is the primary day of this festival, and the name of this day is Diwali. It is the day of Lakshmi Puja and the darkest night (amāvasyā) of the traditional Hindu month. Jains celebrate Diwali as the final liberation of Mahavira, and the Sikhs observe to mark the release of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal prison. Newar Buddhists observe this day by worshipping Goddess Lakshmi. Bangladeshi Hindus typically celebrate Diwali by worshipping the goddess Kali. The primary day of Diwali is an official holiday in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Fiji, Guyana, Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar, Singapore, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago.

It is the “festival of lights,” and Hindu, Jain, and Sikh temples and abodes are aglow with lamps on this day. In Indian villages and cities, the youngest people visit their elders on this day. In addition, companies owners give their employees gifts, firecrackers, and special bonus payments between Dhanteras and Lakshmi Pujan. Shop owners do not open their shops and allow workers to enjoy time with their families on this day. They also perform puja rituals in their shops. People light up firecrackers, and the children love to play with sparklers during Diwali. In the evening men wear new clothes and women wear saris and jewelry. After the evening, all family members gather in Poojaghar to worship the goddess Laxmi. In addition, On this auspicious occasion, people also worship their local gods.

After Laxmi puja, all the family member enjoy their feast with different types of mithai. Then people go outside of their homes and celebrate Diwali by lighting up fireworks together.

Govardhan Puja (Annakut):

The day after Lakshmi Puja or Diwali is the Govardhan Puja. It is also called as the Annakut, Padwa, Bali Pratipada, and Bali Padyami. People go to the temple of Lord Krishna on the day and celebrate the Annakut, and the meaning of the word Annakut is a heap of grain. The Pujaris of lord Krishna temples make delicious Prahsada (feasts) from fresh grain, vegetables, and spices for everyone on this day. In the old-time on this day, Lord Krishna protected farming and cowherd communities from continuous rainfalls and floods.

To save cowherds’ and farmers’ lives, the legend of the Hindu god Krishna lifted Govardhan mountain. People worship Lord Krishna in the dusk by building small miniatures of lord Krishna holding Govardhan mountain made from cow dung. Cow dung is an excellent natural fertilizer, and this celebration also indicates its importance to annual crop cycles. People also celebrate this festival as Bali Pratipada. According to one tradition, Bali Pratipada is the notional return of the Daitya-king Bali. People in the Indian state of Maharashtra celebrate it as Bali Padwa, in Karnataka as Padyami, and in Barlaj in Himachal Pradesh.

Bhai Duj:

People in India celebrate the fifth day of Diwali as Bhai Duj. It is the day of brothers and sisters. This day symbolizes the bond between sister-brother. On this day Lord, Krishna came to his sister’s home after conquering Narakasura then his sister greeted him by making a tilaka on his forehead. Sisters in India make tilak on the forehead of their brothers and offer them mouthwatering Mithai (Sweets). Brothers travel to their sister’s home or invite their sisters to their home on this day. They also give gifts and money to their sisters. Bhai Duj is an important festival for all Indian brothers and sisters. Women also worship Devi in their temple and offer food to them on this day.

So after reading this English essay on Diwali, you learn all the essential things about the festival of Diwali. Sometimes students have to write an English essay on Diwali in their tests and exams. So after reading this essay, you can quickly report on this topic in your exams and get good marks. Besides, you gained lots of information about this Indian festival in this essay. So friends, keep learning, keep growing and do something big in your life.

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